The Insider

By John Liang
July 7, 2021 at 1:31 PM

This Wednesday INSIDER Daily Digest has news on a Pentagon inspector general audit of additive manufacturing systems' cyber preparedness and more.

The Pentagon inspector general reviewed five military sites that didn't adequately secure or manage their additive manufacturing systems to prevent cyberattacks:

DOD watchdog says mismanaged additive manufacturing increased cyber risks

The Defense Department has not consistently secured or managed its additive manufacturing systems or design data, increasing cybersecurity risks and potentially allowing adversaries to steal design technology, according to a recent DOD inspector general's report.

Document: DOD IG audit of the cybersecurity of additive manufacturing systems

Lt. Gen. Nina Armagno, Space Force director of staff, spoke at a recent Mitchell Institute Space Advantage Research Center event:

Space Force to reveal missile warning force design later this year

The Space Force will unveil its first force design later this year, which will focus on options for a missile warning architecture that extends to multiple orbits.

In case you missed it, the multibillion-dollar JEDI Cloud effort has been cancelled:

DOD cancels JEDI Cloud contract, launches new multivendor effort

The Defense Department announced this week it has canceled the multibillion-dollar Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure Cloud solicitation and is pursuing a new multivendor cloud effort called the Joint Warfighter Cloud Capability.

Huntington Ingalls Industries is buying McLean, VA-based Alion Science and Technology:

Huntington Ingalls to buy Alion in $1.65 billion deal

Huntington Ingalls Industries said this week it has agreed to acquire Alion Science and Technology for $1.65 billion, significantly growing HII's technical solutions division.

Large Unmanned Surface Vessel production has been delayed:

Navy delays LUSV production after program is re-evaluated

The Navy is delaying production of Large Unmanned Surface Vessels to ensure technical maturity in fiscal year 2022.

By Tony Bertuca
July 7, 2021 at 12:57 PM

Several nominees for senior Pentagon positions, including Navy secretary, are scheduled to appear before the Senate Armed Services Committee July 13.

The nominees slated to appear are Carlos Del Toro, picked to be Navy secretary; Gilbert Cisneros, nominated to be under secretary of defense for personnel and readiness; Kathleen Miller, picked for deputy under secretary of defense (comptroller); Mara Karlin, nominated to be assistant secretary of defense for strategy, plans, and capabilities; and Michael Connor, picked to be assistant secretary of the Army for civil works.

By Ethan Sterenfeld
July 7, 2021 at 11:36 AM

AeroVironment today announced the release of a new ground control system, Crysalis, that will provide a standardized user experience across a range of the company's small drones, including the Puma, Raven and Wasp.

"Crysalis is an integrated hardware and software-based ground control system (GCS) that provides command and control of compatible AeroVironment unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) and their payloads, through an intuitive user experience," AeroVironment stated in a July 7 press release.

The company designed the control system around an intuitive user interface, modularity, standardized controls and interoperability, Robert Sutton, AeroVironment's product manager for ground control systems, said at a virtual July 6 event with reporters.

Crysalis should make ground control of drones as simple as the rest of the technology that people use every day, Sutton said. The control system, which comprises both software and hardware, will be available as an upgrade to existing customers.

The architecture of the system could accommodate artificial intelligence-powered drone swarms in the future, although that capability is not currently available, said Mark Graybill, the company's chief software engineer for unmanned aircraft systems.

Multiple operators can connect to each drone with Crysalis, Graybill said. For example, a commander could temporarily reposition the main camera of a drone, while the operator still controls flight.

Crysalis software is compatible with Windows and Android operating systems, and AeroVironment will release a Linux version, Graybill said. The company will release a software development kit for third parties to link their systems into Crysalis, so they can easily be controlled alongside AeroVironment drones.

By Ethan Sterenfeld
July 7, 2021 at 9:43 AM

The Army has asked to more than double its fiscal year 2020 spending on humvee recapitalization, partially at the expense of Joint Light Tactical Vehicle funding, according to an omnibus reprogramming request the Pentagon sent to Congress last month.

If approved, the recapitalization program would receive $66 million for FY-20, an increase of $36 million, according to the reprogramming request. This money would buy 216 new production armor-capable humvees.

Without the reprogramming, there could be a production break in February, according to the request.

"Recent program developments, including the loss of projected Foreign Military Sales (FMS) in September 2020, have put HMMWV production at risk," the reprogramming request states.

The Army would remove funding from the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle program, which is expected to partially replace the humvee, to pay for some of the additional humvee purchases, according to the reprogramming request. The service asked to reduce FY-20 spending by $23 million, which would defer the procurement of "approximately" 471 JLTV trailers.

"The Army is deferring production of these JLTV trailers to reallocate resources towards the HMMWV program to help alleviate a production break for that program and avoid a near term bill for potential start-up costs should that production break occur," the reprogramming request states.

This follows other Army plans in recent years to cut the JLTV budget and direct money to other systems. The service stretched the timeline last year to meet the acquisition objective for the JLTV to 2042.

The Biden administration's FY-22 budget request, released in May, proposed more cuts to JLTV procurement spending, as the service prioritized modernization programs.

Sen. Tammy Baldwin (D-WI), whose home state includes JLTV production facilities in Oshkosh, questioned the Army's use of the JLTV program as a "billpayer" for the modernization portfolio during a June 22 Senate Appropriations defense subcommittee hearing.

By John Liang
July 6, 2021 at 1:41 PM

This Tuesday INSIDER Daily Digest has news on the JEDI Cloud contract cancellation, Huntington Ingalls Industries buying Alion Science and Technology and more.

The multibillion-dollar JEDI Cloud effort has been cancelled:

DOD cancels JEDI Cloud contract, launches new multivendor effort

The Defense Department announced today it has canceled the multibillion-dollar Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure Cloud solicitation and is pursuing a new multivendor cloud effort called the Joint Warfighter Cloud Capability.

Huntington Ingalls Industries is buying McLean, VA-based Alion Science and Technology:

Huntington Ingalls to buy Alion in $1.65 billion deal

Huntington Ingalls Industries said this morning it has agreed to acquire Alion Science and Technology for $1.65 billion, significantly growing HII's technical solutions division.

Large Unmanned Surface Vessel production has been delayed:

Navy delays LUSV production after program is re-evaluated

The Navy is delaying production of Large Unmanned Surface Vessels to ensure technical maturity in fiscal year 2022.

Our colleagues at Inside Cybersecurity have a deep dive into industry worries about the Pentagon's Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification program:

Industry raises concerns over delays in rollout of CMMC program amid ongoing internal review

The accreditation body behind the Pentagon's Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification program is moving quickly to get the first assessment organizations prepared to conduct audits, according to CMMC-AB CEO Matthew Travis, who says he understands industry concerns over delays and how to scale the program under the initial timeline set by the Defense Department.

Pentagon Comptroller Mike McCord submitted a 97-page omnibus reprogramming request to Congress to shift funds appropriated in fiscal years 2021, 2020 and 2019 to higher-priority programs in FY-21:

DOD seeks OK to shift $4.4 billion between accounts, speed bulk buy of microprocessors

The Pentagon is seeking congressional permission to shift $4.4 billion among budget accounts to launch eight new-start projects, including an immediate down payment on a $2 billion bulk buy of microprocessors -- critical to the Air Force Military GPS User Equipment Program -- before the sole production line shuts down.

In case you missed it, we have a deep dive into testing of the Marine Corps' CH-53K helicopter program:

Marine Corps CH-53K helicopter program set to begin IOT&E as other milestones loom

The Marine Corps' CH-53K effort is slated to start initial operational test and evaluation later this summer as the program works to address some design issues discovered during developmental testing.

By Ethan Sterenfeld
July 6, 2021 at 12:04 PM

Oshkosh Defense has received a $152 million order for the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle from the U.S. military and the militaries of four European countries, according to a June 30 Defense Department announcement.

The Army, Navy, Marine Corps and Air Force purchased JLTVs, as well as trailers and kits for the vehicles, in this order, according to the announcement. Foreign sales in the contract came from Lithuania, Macedonia, Slovenia and Romania.

Oshkosh has produced the JLTV, the partial replacement for the humvee, since it won the original competition for the program in 2015. The Army will decide in September 2022 which company will win a follow-on contract for the program, which could be worth up to $12.3 billion.

Because production costs have been roughly 17% less than initially expected, the Army last year increased the number of JLTVs it would buy under Oshkosh's current contract, from 16,901 to 23,163 vehicles.

The service proposed cutting JLTV procurement spending in its fiscal year 2022 budget request, as part of a larger effort to focus spending on modernization priorities. JLTV procurement would receive $575 million under the budget proposal, down from the $884 million Congress included in the FY-21 appropriations bill.

Sen. Tammy Baldwin (D-WI), whose home state includes JLTV production facilities in Oshkosh, questioned the Army's use of the JLTV program as a "billpayer" for the modernization portfolio during a June 22 Senate Appropriations defense subcommittee hearing.

By Marjorie Censer
July 6, 2021 at 10:10 AM

SOS International said today it has hired Michael Garson as general counsel and Kimberly Parker as vice president for contracts.

Garson previously was chief administrative officer and general counsel of LGS Innovations. Parker was chief administrative officer and vice president of contracts, ethics and compliance at Applied Insight. Before that, she was an executive at Leidos.

By Tony Bertuca
July 5, 2021 at 5:00 AM

Not much is scheduled for the week as Washington returns from the July 4 holiday.

Wednesday

The Hudson Institute hosts Rep. Mike Turner (R-OH) for a discussion on strategic forces.

The Center for Strategic and International Studies hosts a discussion on the U.S. legacy in Afghanistan.

Thursday

The National Security Space Association hosts a discussion with the director of the Space Rapid Capabilities Office.

By Tony Bertuca
July 2, 2021 at 1:39 PM

House Armed Services Committee Chairman Adam Smith (D-WA) and Ranking Member Mike Rogers (R-AL) today introduced the "by request" version of the fiscal year 2022 defense authorization bill, a procedural measure that is traditionally the first step of the legislative process for the bill.

The bill, H.R. 4350, contains legislative proposals submitted by the Defense Department, which will be struck and replaced with subcommittee and full committee proposals.

The subcommittee mark-up schedule was released earlier this month.

The full committee is slated to debate the bill Sept. 1.

By John Liang
July 2, 2021 at 12:53 PM

This Friday INSIDER Daily Digest has news on the Defense Department's latest omnibus reprogramming request, the Marine Corps' CH-53K helicopter program, the Navy's Large Unmanned Surface Vessel program and more.

Pentagon Comptroller Mike McCord submitted a 97-page omnibus reprogramming request to Congress to shift funds appropriated in fiscal years 2021, 2020 and 2019 to higher-priority programs in FY-21:

DOD seeks OK to shift $4.4 billion between accounts, speed bulk buy of microprocessors

The Pentagon is seeking congressional permission to shift $4.4 billion among budget accounts to launch eight new-start projects, including an immediate down payment on a $2 billion bulk buy of microprocessors -- critical to the Air Force Military GPS User Equipment Program -- before the sole production line shuts down.

We also have a deep dive into testing of the Marine Corps' CH-53K helicopter program:

Marine Corps CH-53K helicopter program set to begin IOT&E as other milestones loom

The Marine Corps' CH-53K effort is slated to start initial operational test and evaluation later this summer as the program works to address some design issues discovered during developmental testing.

Large Unmanned Surface Vessel production has been delayed:

Navy delays LUSV production after program is reevaluated

The Navy is delaying production of Large Unmanned Surface Vessels to ensure technical maturity in fiscal year 2022.

House Armed Services readiness subcommittee Chairman John Garamendi (D-CA) has introduced a bill that would postpone development of the Ground Based Strategic Deterrent replacement program until 2031:

Garamendi bill looks to delay GBSD development over next decade

One top Democrat on the House Armed Services Committee has introduced legislation seeking to stall development of the program aiming to replace the Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missile.

Document: Rep. Garamendi's ICBM bill

Last but not least, our colleagues at Inside Cybersecurity have a deep dive into industry worries about the Pentagon's Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification program:

Industry raises concerns over delays in rollout of CMMC program amid ongoing internal review

The accreditation body behind the Pentagon's Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification program is moving quickly to get the first assessment organizations prepared to conduct audits, according to CMMC-AB CEO Matthew Travis, who says he understands industry concerns over delays and how to scale the program under the initial timeline set by the Defense Department.

By Briana Reilly
July 1, 2021 at 5:38 PM

The Air Force has awarded prime contractor Raytheon a $2 billion engineering and manufacturing development contract for the Long-Range Standoff Weapon, the Defense Department announced today.

The expected announcement, which comes after a May 25 Defense Acquisition Board milestone B review, officially ushers in the next developmental phase for the service's new cruise missile.

Under the contract, Raytheon will perform its work in Tucson, AZ, as the LRSO moves through the manufacturing process and transitions to pilot-line readiness.

Work is expected to be completed in February 2027, according to the DOD contract announcement. Fiscal year 2021 research and development dollars were obligated at the time of the service's award.

The program has benefited from a sped-up development schedule; the service hadn't anticipated it would reach milestone B until the second quarter of fiscal year 2022. But the condensed timeline, which came after the service last spring abruptly canceled its contract with Lockheed Martin, allowed the Air Force to quicken its pace, Inside Defense previously reported.

By Jaspreet Gill
July 1, 2021 at 4:48 PM

Google, McAfee and ZScaler all received success memoranda for their prototype solutions for the Defense Innovation Unit’s “Secure Cloud Management” program, enabling Pentagon organizations to contract with the companies for solutions without a recompete, DIU announced today.

The companies over the past year have been prototyping products to enhance security and control when accessing commercial cloud services without impacting performance. All three prototypes on June 30 achieved their project goals.

“These solutions simplify engagement with non-traditional technology vendors by allowing DIU users to collaborate in real time,” John Chen, interim chief information officer for DIU, said in a press release today. “These solutions provide equivalent security and control to the DOD’s Cloud Access Point (CAP) while delivering real-time performance, which is critical for such things such as videoconferencing and file sharing.”

The prototype solutions were implemented at DIU in May 2020 and were then assessed by third-party organizations based on criteria developed by DIU, according to a June 1 press release.

The prototypes include secure access service edge (SASE) services, “which are a convergence of several related network security functions with wide area network capabilities” and embrace zero-trust principles, according to DIU.

McAfee today in a press release said it offered its MVISION Unified Cloud Edge solution, which provides DIU a single platform to “view all data protection policies and incidents across device, network and cloud.”

Google Cloud last May announced its prototype solution would be built on its multi-cloud platform called Anthos, formerly known as Google Cloud Services Platform, and managed from the Google Cloud Console.

DIU said it plans to select one provider later this year for a long-term Secure Cloud Management solution through a “production” other transaction agreement.

By Marjorie Censer
July 1, 2021 at 4:48 PM

Leidos said today it has named Paul Engola, its chief human resources officer, to serve as executive vice president for national security space, effective July 5.

In this new role, he will lead "a strategic effort, in cooperation with all business groups, to help chart the way forward in this emerging market."

Engola previously was deputy group president of Leidos' former defense and intelligence group.

Leidos also said it is creating a new corporate operations role "to drive operational performance and the implementation of strategic functional initiatives." This job will be filled by Vicki Schmanske, who leads the intelligence group.

"This role will include the responsibilities of Performance Excellence and Strategic Partnerships, as well as Corporate Real Estate and Facilities, Security Operations, Marketing and Communications, and Corporate Strategy and Special Projects," the company said.

Roy Stevens, who leads business development and strategy, will take over as president of the intelligence group.

By John Liang
July 1, 2021 at 1:45 PM

This Thursday INSIDER Daily Digest has news on the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter program, cybersecurity funding and more.

We start with a look at Technology Refresh 3, a key F-35 hardware and software upgrade required before the program can integrate most of the planned Block 4 modernization capabilities:

Lockheed, F-35 JPO set off-ramps to mitigate TR-3 risk

In the lead up to the flight test phase of a major F-35 technology refresh, the joint program office and Lockheed Martin are closely tracking schedule risk and have developed a slate of trade-off options should the effort face additional delays over the next year.

House Armed Services cyber, innovative technologies and information systems subcommittee Chairman Jim Langevin (D-RI) is raising concerns about the Pentagon’s information technology and cyberspace funding request:

Langevin: DOD needs to better justify cyber and IT budget request

The top lawmaker on the House Armed Services cyber and technology subcommittee on Tuesday expressed frustration with the Defense Department's fiscal year 2022 budget request for cybersecurity and IT, arguing it doesn't contain much substance and is a near carbon-copy of last year's request.

Document: House hearing on DOD's FY-22 cyber budget

The head of a major shipbuilding union wants the Navy to fund a second DDG-51 destroyer:

Machinist union urges a second destroyer

A leading union for machinists and aerospace workers is urging House lawmakers to support funding for a second DDG-51 Arleigh Burke-class destroyer in a letter on Tuesday.

Document: Machinist union's letter urging a second destroyer

House appropriators' FY-22 defense spending bill would boost the Army's research, development, test and evaluation budget to $13.4 billion:

House panel supports Army modernization funding

The House Appropriations defense subcommittee is supporting funding for a number of the Army's top modernization priorities, according to its draft mark of the fiscal year 2022 spending bill.

The Pentagon is seeking to address concerns voiced by small businesses about the Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification program:

Pentagon to help small business reduce CMMC compliance costs

The Defense Department has pledged to reduce costs on small businesses in an ongoing internal review of its Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification program, according to a Pentagon official.

By Briana Reilly
July 1, 2021 at 12:21 PM

Integrated with a different aircraft, Skyborg's autonomy core system flew for the second time during last month's Orange Flag event at Edwards Air Force Base, CA.

The two-hour, 30-minute excursion, which occurred June 24, came two months after the service carried out its first flight test of Skyborg's ACS.

But the most recent flight was aboard a different prototype: General Atomics' MQ-20 Avenger unmanned aerial system. The first one, held April 29, integrated the ACS with a Kratos UTAP-22 UAS.

The Air Force Research Laboratory, in a press release yesterday announcing the second flight test, said the ACS and MQ-20 pairing proved the system's "modularity, portability, and scalability by demonstrating the same capabilities on a completely different aircraft using the same software release."

"Flying the Skyborg ACS on platforms from two different manufacturers demonstrates the portability of the government-owned autonomy core, unlocking future multimission capabilities for the joint force," AFRL Commander Maj. Gen. Heather Pringle said in the announcement.

One of three Air Force Vanguard programs, Skyborg aims to support a stock of low-cost, attritable combat drones. Kratos, General Atomics and Boeing are all on contract to deliver aircraft for flight demonstrations.

During the most recent flight test, AFRL reported the Skyborg system, which was monitored from a ground command and control station, responded to navigational commands, reacted to geo-fences, demonstrated coordinated maneuvering and more.

An initial announcement, from March, showed Air Force officials had also planned to test a gateway prototype during Orange Flag, though it wasn't known whether the service planned to integrate the prototype with a Skyborg aircraft. The latest press release didn't mention GatewayONE.

It's unclear when future Skyborg experimentation events will occur. This week's release said such events will explore teaming between unnamed aircraft and multiple Skyborg drones. AFRL spokesman Bryan Ripple wrote in an email that officials "are currently assessing dates and options for these experimentation events."